Terraria Mining Guide

Mining is another way of getting the items in Terraria. You’ll have to dig up the ground of different areas with different ways to get your desired item. We have described here in detail the whole Terraria Mining procedure, requirements and some tips too!

Terraria Mining

For a successful mining operation you MUST have the following items:

  • 50 Torches
  • Potions
  • Furnace (house)
  • Bottles
  • Grappling Hook   (Crafted)
  • Broadsword          (Crafted)
  • Pickaxe                 (Crafted)


Torches are essential tools for digging. Once you go underground you need them for proper exploring. As you know that the torches can be made by combining the Gel &Wood. Grab 15 gels by killing the slimes and then take the wood (50) from the trees. Combine these two and make 50 torches.


Potions are made by Sand & Mushrooms – and at the moment you’ll have none of it. Go towards the right or left of your spawning point and keep walking until you go the SAND terrain. Everybody can differentiate between sand.

Make sure if you hit up the corruption land, you turn towards the other side. At this level it is pretty much difficult to handle. The corruption area has PURPLE grass. Once you have found the sand just dig it up like you do the other terrains.

It is very simple and easy to gather too. Look for Mushrooms once you’re here and there trips. You’ll find a couple in your way to find the sand. Grab 10 mushrooms and then head back to your house.


Now you need a furnace which allows us to craft more items just like the workbench. You need 20 stones, 4 wood and 3 torches to craft it. So if you don’t have these items already go out and find them. You can simply craft a furnace at your house by going to the crafting menu.


Now you need bottles – bottles can be crafted by the help of a furnace. Go near to the furnace and access the crafting menu. You’ll see an option to create glass by the use of sand. Use all of your sand and make 25 glass materials.

Now you can further modify the glass to bottles by the help of the furnace. Make all 50 bottles. Now to make the healing potions you will have to make an alchemy table. Just put a bottle on your table and open the crafting menu. You’ll now see the option to make Healing Potions. Use all of your resources and make the most of it.

The rest of the items which are the Pre-requisites for mining are described later in this guide.

Digging Guide & Tips

 Now that you have all of the required items, you should go out for digging. The digging can be done almost anywhere – even at the floating islands. You can dig deeper and deeper or just the top of the terrains to find your required items. Now find any suitable area and start digging.

Make sure you don’t dig straight downwards because you won’t be able to get back up as your character can’t jump higher than 7 blocks. Place torches on the ground or on the wall once you progress in further digging. If you don’t have enough then you can simply go back and make more.

So for getting started with your mining, first of all you need to start a Mineshaft using the ‘Hellevator”. So start by digging a two or four tiles wide hole into the ground, and add torches and wood platforms consistently to make way for your return journey.

Eventually, as you dig in deeper, you will witness different layers and each of the layer contains different sort of metal ores. Here is a complete detail on that:

The Dirt Layer: The top layer, once you dig, is the dirt layer. It is further divided into two sections. The first section, the higher one, is equipped with Copper, Tin, Iron, and Lead and rarely with Silver and Tungsten.

The second layer is a little deeper one, and contains Copper, Tin, Iron, Lead, and Silver, Tungsten, Gems, Cobwebs, Underground cabins and pots.

The Stone Layer: Once you have gone past the dirt layer, you will come to the stone layer. This is a harder layer and you need better tools to dig through it. Perhaps that is why it contains precious metals too.

You will find Gold, Platinum and similar precious metal ores here.

The Underworld: Just as its name, this is a dark filthy layer inside the Earth and below the stone layer. Here you will find demonic monsters, lava and derelict buildings of ash blocks.

If you plan on digging as far as the Underworld, must plan to dig further to the Hellstone too, for it is once in a life time sort of a chance.

You should come pre-equipped with molten armours, tools and weapons and you should be able to craft them too whenever you need.

Hellstone: At the far end of all the layers, you will find the hellstone. But mining this one is not easy. You will need a Nightmare or Deathbringer pickaxe.

When you will break it, the hellstone will produce Lava, and hence you must go pre-equipped with the necessary ores for crafting required armor at the time.

In addition to that, there are shadow orbs and pulsating hearts there, which if you smash, can cause a meteorite fall. Meteorite heads will also spawn up then which you will need to kills through your weapons.

Mineable items

As you will be mining a lot of items on your way digging down and down, here are details of what are the basic things you must not ignore mining.


Digging will also find you some POTS – These pots are breakable and consist of different items like potions, coins, and explosives. These pots are key to the NPC which will sell you bombs. Once you have enough bombs he will move to your own house and make it his own. So you will have to create another for the next NPC to come in.


Compared to pots, there are only few chests you can find – they are very difficult to find and are not in a great number but there rewards are very useful. Each chest consists of some rare items which can increase your character abilities (Jumps, speed, weapons etc.) You can even break this chest and then put it back in your house for storing the items you don’t want to carry or save your inventory.


You’ll also find crystal hearts. These hearts are also breakable and are used to increase your maximum health bar. The first one will also get a nurse to your house which can heal you for something (mostly copper)


After you have collected enough of the ores (Iron, Copper, Gold etc.) it’s time to utilize them. You can use them for making different items like accessories, armor, or weapons.

Go back to your house (furnace) and access the crafting menu. You can make a bar of every 3 copper/iron ores. These bars can be used to make other stronger items. Now you need an anvil for making the items. You can either craft it by using 5 of your iron bars or buy it from the merchant.

It depends on you whether you want to spend 50 silver coins or spend some of your time in digging up the ores. Once you have got the anvil you can craft other useful items by the help of it. The strength of what you craft depends on the ore’s quality. The quality of the ores is the following (Weaker to Stronger)

(Copper – Iron – Silver – Gold – Demonite – Meteorite – Hellstone)

The weaker ores are easier to find and the stronger are pretty much difficult to get a hand to. The last three of these are very difficult to find. Most of these only appear after defeating a boss.
Now that you have made enough bars of these ores you can craft many items. Some of them are:

The simple pickaxe which is used for mining

Used for chopping down trees.

It can break heavy things.

Defensive Armor.

Defensive Armor.

Defensive Armor.

Fast but less damage.

Slower than Shortsword but it can attack both sides.

A simple bow.

Now it’s your choice to grab and craft whatever you need. Try to avoid the Bow and the Hammer as they are not very much useful for the beginners

Contributor at SegmentNext.