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Civilization V Resources Guide

It’s vital that you manage your resources shrewdly in Civilization V, as it would be beneficial in the later part of the game, when you will make your move or be aggressive. Read below the Civilization V Resources Guide to get all the information you need to be an economic maestro.

Why Resources are Important ?
To a large degree your civilization’s wealth and power will be determined by the number and kinds of resources you control. To utilize a resource, it must be within your civilization’s borders and you must construct the appropriate “improvement” in that hex.

There are three different kinds of resources: bonus, strategic, and luxury. All three provide yield benefits to nearby cities, and strategic and luxury resources have additional important benefits.
While you may not have access to every kind of resource within your own borders, you can trade some resources with other civilizations.

Bonus Resources
Bonus resources increase the food and gold output of a hex. Bonus resources cannot be traded to other civilizations.

Bananas

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Jungles
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Cattle

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Pasture

Deer

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Forests, Tundra or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Camp

Fish

  • Food: +2
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Coast
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Fishing Boats

Sheep

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands Plains, Deserts or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Pasture

Wheat

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Flood Plains or Plains
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Farm

Luxury Resources
Luxury resources increase your civilization’s happiness and provide a small bonus to the hex’s output. Only one source of a specific luxury provides a happiness bonus.

Multiple sources of the same resource do not further increase civilization’s happiness. You do get increased happiness bonuses for each type of luxury resource you possess, though.

Increasing the amount of the same luxury won’t do much, but increasing the types of luxury resources you posses would double the happiness.

Cotton

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands,
  • Plains, or Desert
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Dyes

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Jungle or Forest
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Furs

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Forest or Tundra
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Camp

Gems

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +3
  • Can be Found on: Jungle, Grasslands, Plains, Desert, Tundra, or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine

Gold

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands, Plains, Desert, or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine

Incense

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Desert or Plains
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Ivory

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Plains
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Camp

Marble

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands, Plains, Desert, Tundra, or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Quarry

Pearls

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Coast
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Fishing Boats

Silk

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Forest
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Silver

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Tundra, Desert, or Hills
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine

Spices

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Jungle
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Sugar

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Flood Plains or Marsh
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Whales

  • Food: +1
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +1
  • Can be Found on: Coast
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Fishing Boats

Wine

  • Food: 0
  • Production: 0
  • Gold: +2
  • Can be Found on: Grassland or Plains
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Plantation

Strategic Resources
Strategic resources are not visible at the start of the game as they require knowledge of a particular technology before they appear on a map. Horses, for example, do not appear until you know Animal Husbandry, and Iron doesn’t show up until you learn Iron Working.

Strategic resources allow you to build certain units and buildings. When you construct an improvement on a strategic resource hex, it provides you with a limited number of those resources, and these are consumed when you construct the associated units or buildings.

For example, you use one iron resource to build each Swordsman unit. If you don’t have any iron available, you can’t construct the Swordsman. The resource becomes available to you once more if the unit or building is destroyed.

You can trade strategic resources with other civilizations.You can see how many units of each strategic resource you have available on the top of the
main screen.

Aluminum

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Plains, Desert, Tundra, or Hills
  • Technology Revealed By: Electricity
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Helicopter Gunship, Jet Fighter, Missile Cruiser, Mobile SAM,Modern Armor, Rocket Artillery, Stealth Bomber, Nuclear Submarine.
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: Hydro Plant, Spaceship Factory

Coal

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Grasslands, Plains, or Hills
  • Technology Revealed By: Scientific Theory
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Ironclad
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: Factory

Horses

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Grassland, Plains, or Tundra
  • Technology Revealed By: Animal Husbandry
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Pasture
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Chariot Archer, Companion Cavalry, Horseman, Cavalry, Cossack, Lancer, Sipahi, Camel Archer, Knight, Mandekalu Cavalry.
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: Stable, Circus

Iron

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Grassland, Plains, Desert, Tundra, Snow or Hills
  • Technology Revealed By: Iron Working
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Ballista, Catapult, Mohawk Warrior, Swordsman, Longswordsman, Samurai, Trebuchet, Frigate, Ship of the Line, Anti-Aircraft Gun, Anti-Tank Gun, Zero.
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: Forge

Oil

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Jungle, Marsh, Desert, Tundra, Snow, or Ocean
  • Technology Revealed By: Biology
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Oil Well or Offshore Platform
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Battleship, Carrier, Fighter, Panzer, Submarine, Tank, Zero, B17, Bomber.
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: None

Uranium

  • Food: 0
  • Production: +1
  • Gold: 0
  • Can be Found on: Forests, Jungle, Marsh, Grassland, Plains, Desert, Tundra,
  • Snow, or Hills
  • Technology Revealed By: Atomic Theory
  • Improvement Needed to Access: Mine
  • Units Requiring this Resource: Giant Death Robot, Atomic Bomb, Nuclear Missile.
  • Buildings Requiring this Resource: Nuclear Plant

You can check our Civilization V Guide Series for complete Civilization V strategy guides.